Pediatric Ophthalmology Consultants

Uveitis and Iritis

The uvea is the middle layer of the eyeball. It consists of the iris, the ciliary body, and the choroids. The iris is the part of the eye you are looking at when you say a person has blue eyes or brown eyes. Its function is to change the size of the pupil (the round, […]

Thyroid Eye Disease

What are thyroid gland disorders? The thyroid gland, located in the neck, produces thyroid hormone which helps regulate our metabolism. It may produce either too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidisms) or too little (hypothyroidism). Imbalance in either direction can cause eye and vision problems. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include fatigue, fast heartbeat, weight loss, heat intolerance, fine […]

The Eye and Learning Disabilities

The problem of learning disability has become a matter of increasing public concern, which has led to exploitation by some practitioners of the normal concern of parents for the welfare of their children. A child’s inability to read with understanding as a result of defects in processing visual symbols, a condition which has been called […]

Strabismus in Adults

What is adult strabismus? Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions. Adult strabismus occurs in approximately one percent of the population. What causes adult strabismus? Most adult strabismus is simply persistent childhood strabismus. Strabismus which occurs in adulthood without a history of childhood strabismus should be carefully […]

Strabismus in Children

What is strabismus? Strabismus is a visual defect in which the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward, outward, upward or downward. The eye turn may be constant, or it may come and go. The turned eye may straighten at times, and […]

What is Ptosis?

Ptosis is a drooping of the upper eyelid. The lid may droop only slightly, or it may cover the pupil entirely. In some cases, ptosis can restrict and even block normal vision. It can be present in children, as well as adults, and may be treated with surgery. Ptosis can affect one or both eyelids, […]

What is pseudostrabismus?

Pseudostrabismus is the false appearance of misaligned eye. When the eyes are truly misaligned, the condition is called strabismus. In strabismus, the eyes can drift in, out, up or down. In pseudostrabismus, the eyes appear crossed in but are actually straight. This is common in infants and young children due to their facial structures. The […]

Patching of the Eye to Treat Amblyopia

What is patching? Patching is a technique for treating amblyopia (lazy eye). The good eye is covered to encourage the development of the lazy eye. Amblyopia can be caused by unequal refractive errors, crossed eyes, misaligned eyes (strabismus), or other abnormalities. When should treatment begin? Patching should begin as early as possible. When first applying […]

What is nystagmus?

Nystagmus is an unintentional jittery movement of the eyes. Nystagmus usually involves both eyes and is often exaggerated by looking in a particular direction. What causes nystagmus? Many conditions are associated with nystagmus. Sometimes the brain’s control of eye movement is poor, resulting in an inability to look steadily at an object. Some forms of […]

Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

Abnormal or overflow tearing is a common condition in infants and babies. In fact, approximately one-third of all newborns have excessive tears and mucus. It is also common for babies’ eyelashes to stick together after sleep, a situation that can cause the eye(s) to become chronically infected. How do tears drain from the eye? Tears […]

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